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SMERSH (Russian: СМЕРШ)was an umbrella organization for three independent counter-intelligence agencies in the Red Army formed in late 1942 or even earlier, but officially announced only on 14 April 1943. The name SMERSH was coined by Joseph Stalin. The main reason for its creation was to subvert the attempts by German forces to infiltrate the Red Army on the Eastern Front.
The official statute of SMERSH listed the following tasks to be performed by the organisation: counter-intelligence, counter-terrorism, preventing any other activity of foreign intelligence in the Red Army; fighting "anti-Soviet elements" in the Red Army; protection of the front lines against penetration by spies and "anti-Soviet elements"; investigating traitors, deserters and self-harm in the Red Army; and checking military and civil personnel returning from captivity.
The Order Of Kutuzov (1st class) was created to award commanders of fronts and armies for skilful evasions of enemy attacks and successful counter-attacks.Creation Date: 29 July 1942
Awarded to mothers who had had 10 or more children.
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Odessa between 10 August and 16 October 1941.